KARAKTERISTIK PATI SAGU DENGAN METODE MODIFIKASI ASETILASI DAN CROSS-LINKING

Albert Teja W., Ignatius Sindi P., Aning Ayucitra, Laurentia E. K. Setiawan

Abstract


Sago, one of the main sources of carbohydrate, is commonly used as a substitute material of rice especially in Eastern Indonesia. Sago starch is now finding increasing application in various food products such as sago meals, biscuits, noodles, and desserts. Native sago starch exhibits relatively retrogradation resulting in the formation of a long cohesive gel with increased syneresis. In order to overcome drawbacks of native sago starch, chemical modifications can be carried out to improve its properties. Many types of chemical modification have been applied to starches of various plant sources, including cross-linking and acetylation. The purpose of this research was to study the effect of cross-linking and acetylation modifications to the properties of the sago starch before and after modification. As results, the acetylated starches showed higher swelling power (e.g. increased from 8,3245 to 38,6066 g wet sediment/g initial dry starch) and solubility (e.g. 14,3467 to 33,1876% w/w) and dereased in retrogradation tendencies (16,7399 to 1,3847% separated water) when compared with cross-linking starches and the corresponding native starch. It was observed that the changes in these properties were proportional to the DS achieved by each modification. As for paste clarity, native sago starch showed better characteristic amongst all starches which was shown by the lowest value of absorbance i.e. 0.142.

Keywords


acetylation; cross-linking; characteristics; sago starch

Full Text: pdf


Jurnal Teknik Kimia Indonesia Asosiasi Pendidikan Tinggi Teknik Kimia Indonesia